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Benzodiazepines: Types, Side Effects, and Addiction

benzodiazepine side effects

benzodiazepine side effects, Side Effects, and Addiction

benzodiazepine side effects, and how do they work (mechanism of action)?

What are benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines are man-made medications that cause mild to severe depression of the nerves within the brain (central nervous system) and sedation (drowsiness).

benzodiazepine side effects Seizuresanxiety, and other diseases that require benzodiazepine treatment may be caused by excessive activity of nerves in the brain. These drugs may work by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. Gamma-aminobutyric acid is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that nerves in the brain use to send messages to one another. Gamma-aminobutyric acid reduces the activity of nerves in the brain and increasing the effect of GABA with a benzodiazepine, reduces brain activity.

What are the uses for benzodiazepines?-benzodiazepine side effects

Adult men and women use benzodiazepines to treat:

Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. In fact, anxiety disorders as a group are the most common mental illness in America. Anxiety disorders can affect adults, children, and adolescents.

These disorders fill people’s lives with overwhelming anxiety and fear. Unlike the relatively mild, brief anxiety caused by a stressful event such as a business presentation or a first date, anxiety disorders are chronic, relentless, and can grow progressively worse if not treated. People who suffer from anxiety disorders typically struggle with difficult symptoms such as agitation, feeling “uptight,” worry, and apprehension on a daily basis. These disturbing symptoms can become so severe that they interfere with normal daily activities. Sometimes anxiety disorders lead to restlessness, poor sleep and insomnia, trouble concentrating, feeling tense, a sense of dread, chest painlightheadedness, trouble breathinghyperventilation, and even overwhelming panic with a feeling of losing control.

Related Symptoms & Signs-benzodiazepine side effects

ARE THERE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BENZODIAZEPINES?

Benzodiazepines differ in how quickly they start working, how long they continue to work, and for what they are most commonly prescribed.

  • Diazepam (Valium) and clorazepate (Tranxene) have fast onsets of action and usually start working within 30 to 60 minutes.
  • Oxazepam (Serax) has a slow onset, and lorazepam (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax), and clonazepam (Klonopin) have intermediate onsets of action.
  • Clorazepate (Tranxene), midazolam (Versed), and triazolam (Halcion) are short-acting agents with durations of action of 3 to 8 hours.
  • Alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), estazolam (Prosom), and temazepam (Restoril) are intermediate-acting agents with durations of action of 11 to 20 hours.
  • Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), flurazepam (Dalmane), and quazepam are long-acting agents with duration of action of 1 to 3 days.
  • Alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium),
  • chlorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium),
  • lorazepam (Ativan), and midazolam are used for anxiety disorders.
  • Clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene).
  • lorazepam (Ativan), clobazam (Onfi).
  • and diazepam (Valium) are used for seizure disorders.
  • Estazolam (Prosom), flurazepam (Dalmane), quazepam (Doral).
  • temazepam (Restoril).
  • and triazolam (Halcion) are used for insomnia or trouble sleeping.
  • Midazolam (Versed), lorazepam (Ativan),
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Side effects of opioids

Buymedsuk Online Pharmacy FAQ

side effects of opioids. Opioids are a class of drugs naturally found in the opium poppy plant and that work in the brain to produce a variety of effects, including the relief of pain with many of these drugs. Opioids are substances that, when reaching opioid receptors, have effects similar to those of morphine. Medically they are primarily used for pain relief, including anesthesia.

Side effects of opioids 

Side effects of opioids may include itchinesssedationnausearespiratory depressionconstipation, and euphoria. The euphoria attracts recreational use and frequent, escalating recreational use of opioids typically results in addiction. An overdose or concurrent use with other depressant drugs like benzodiazepines or alcohol commonly results in death from respiratory depression.

Opioids act by binding to opioid receptors. These receptors mediate both the psychoactive and the somatic effects of opioids. Opioid drugs include partial agonists, like the anti-diarrhoea drug loperamide and antagonists like naloxegol for opioid-induced constipation. They do not cross the blood-brain barrier but can displace other opioids from binding to those receptors.

Using Opioids-side effects of opioids

Opioid use does not come without risks. Regular use of these prescribed medications can increase your tolerance and dependence, requiring higher and more frequent doses. In some cases longer term use can lead to addiction (or what doctors will call “opioid use disorder”). Opioids, which can interact with diseases, too, should only be used if needed for pain, including if alternatives for pain control are not effective.

Be sure to review your current medications and disclose any past or present drug use with your doctor when discussing whether an opioid prescription is right for you. Also be sure to ask about alternative treatments.

Prescription Opioids

Oxycodone, Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen, Hydrocodone bitartrate, Hydrocodone-Homatropine, Hyrdocodone-Ibuprofen, Pseudoephedrine-Hydrocodone, Hydrocodone-Chlorpheniramine, Hydrocodone-Cpm-Pseudoephed, Morphine, Morphine-Naltrexone, Hydromorphone, Fentanyl Citrate, Fentanyl, Codeine Poli-Chlorphenir Poli, Acetaminophen with codeine phosphate/Acetaminophen-Codeine, Methadone+Methadone Hydrochloride, Morphine Sulfate, Oxymorphone Hydrochloride, Meperidine, Tramadol, Carfentanil, Buprenorphine